A collection of publications on Clunio species. Taxonomic and biogeographic literature is not complete.


Kaiser, T.S., et. al., The genomic basis of circadian and circalunar timing adaptations in a midge. Nature, 2016. 540, p. 69–73.


Kaiser, T.S., Local Adaptations of Circalunar and Circadian Clocks: The Case of Clunio marinus, in Annual, Lunar, and Tidal Clocks, H. Numata and B. Helm, Editors. 2014, Springer Japan. p. 121-141.

Neumann, D., Timing in Tidal, Semilunar, and Lunar Rhythms, in Annual, Lunar, and Tidal Clocks, H. Numata and B. Helm, Editors. 2014, Springer Japan. p. 3-24.

Sotelo-Casas, R.C., A.l.L. Cupul-Magaña, and A.P. Rodríguez-Troncoso, First record of the genus Clunio (Diptera: Chironomidae) associated with the coral communities at Islas Marietas, Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad, 2014. 85: p. 14-23.


Kaiser, T.S. and D.G. Heckel, Genetic Architecture of Local Adaptation in Lunar and Diurnal Emergence Times of the Marine Midge Clunio marinus (Chironomidae, Diptera). PLoS ONE, 2012. 7(2): p. e32092.


Kaiser, T.S., D. Neumann, and D.G. Heckel, Timing the tides:  Genetic control of diurnal and lunar emergence times is correlated in the marine midge Clunio marinus. BMC Genetics, 2011. 12: p. 49.


Kaiser, T.S., et al., Strong genetic differentiation and postglacial origin of populations in the marine midge Clunio marinus (Chironomidae, Diptera). Molecular Ecology, 2010. 19(14): p. 2845-2857.

Tasdemir, A., Clunio Haliday, 1855: A New Chironomid Genus for Turkey (Diptera, Chironomidae). Journal of the Entomological Research Society, 2010. 12(Part 3): p. 39-43.


Kaiser, T.S. and D.G. Heckel, Isolation of 10 polymorphic microsatellite loci in the marine midge Clunio marinus (Chironomidae, Diptera) and their efficient characterization by heteroduplex analysis. Molecular Ecology Resources, 2009. 9: p. 195-198.

Neumann, D. and D. Woermann, Physical conditions for trapping air by a microtrichia-covered insect cuticle during temporary submersion. Naturwissenschaften, 2009. 96(8): p. 933-941.


Fleissner, G., et al., A lunar clock changes shielding pigment transparency in larval ocelli of Clunio marinus. Chronobiology International, 2008. 25(1): p. 17-30.

Fleissner, G., et al., Multiple extraretinal photoreceptors in the intertidal midge Clunio marinus, in Insect Vision. 2008: Lund.


Scharer, M.T. and J.H. Epler, Long-range dispersal possibilities via sea turtle - A case for Clunio and Pontomyia (Diptera : Chironomidae) in Puerto Rico. Entomological News, 2007. 118(3): p. 273-277.


Fleissner, G. and G. Fleissner, Nonvisual photoreceptors in arthropods with emphasis on their putative role as receptors of natural zeitgeber stimuli. Chronobiology International, 2003. 20(4): p. 593-616.


Murray, D.A., Two marine coastal-dwelling Chironomidae (Diptera) new to the Fauna of Iceland: Telmatogeton japonicus Tokunaga (Telmatogetoninae) and Clunio marinus Haliday (Orthocladiinae). Bulletin of the Irish Biogeographical Society, 1999. 23: p. 89-91.


Neumann, D., R. Kaminsky, and F. Heimbach, Timing of eclosion in marine insects on Mediterranean shores - studies on Clunio mediterraneus, C. ponticus and Thalassomyia frauenfeldi (Diptera: Chironomidae). Marine Biology, 1997. 129(3): p. 513-521.


Neumann, D., Physiologische Uhren von Insekten - Zur Ökophysiologie lunarperiodisch kontrollierter Fortpflanzungszeiten. Naturwissenschaften, 1995. 82(7): p. 310-320.

Saigusa, M. and T. Akiyama, The Tidal Rhythm of Emergence, and the Seasonal Variation of this Synchrony, in an Intertidal Midge. Biological Bulletin, 1995. 188(2): p. 166-178.

Zaitsev, Y.P. and E.P. Nartshuk, Clunio ponticus (Diptera, Chironomidae) in north-western part of Black Sea. Vestnik Zoologii, 1995. 4: p. 71-72.


Neumann, D. and K.D. Spindler, Circasemilunar Control of Imaginal Disk Development in Clunio marinus - Temporal Switching Point, Temperature-Compensated Developmental Time and Ecdysteroid Profile. Journal of Insect Physiology, 1991. 37(2): p. 101-109.


Neumann, D., Phase Response Curves (PRCs) of Clunio marinus, in An Atlas of Phase Responses Curves for Circadian and Circatidal Rhythyms, C.H. Johnson, Editor. 1990, Department of Biology, Vanderbilt University: Nashville. 715 pages.


Neumann, D., Circadian Components of Semilunar and Lunar Timing Mechanisms. Journal of Biological Rhythms, 1989. 4(2): p. 285-294.


Neumann, D., The Timing of Reproduction to Distinct Spring Tide Situations in the Intertidal Insect Clunio, in Behavioural Adaptation to Intertdal Life, G. Chelazzi and M. Vannini, Editors. 1988, Plenum Press: New York and London. p. 45-54.

Neumann, D., Temperature compensation of circasemilunar timing in the intertidal insect Clunio. Journal of Comparative Physiology A - Sensory Neural and Behavioral Physiology, 1988. 163(5): p. 671-676.


Neumann, D., Tidal and Lunar Rhythmic Adaptations of Reproductive Activities in Invertebrate Species, in Comparative Physiology of Environmental Adaptations, P.L. Pévet, Editor. 1987, Karger: Basel. p. 152-170.


Neumann, D., Life cycle strategies of an intertidal midge between subtropic and arctic latitudes, in The Evolution of Insect Life Cycles, F. Taylor and R. Karban, Editors. 1986, Springer Verlag: New York, Berlin, Heidelberg. p. 3-19.


Neumann, D. and M. Krüger, Combined Effects of Photoperiod and Temperature on the Diapause of an Intertidal Chironomid. Oecologia, 1985. 67(1): p. 154-156.

Neumann, D. and F. Heimbach, Circadian Range of Entrainment in the Semilunar Eclosion Rhythm of the Marine Insect Clunio Marinus. Journal of Insect Physiology, 1985. 31(7): p. 549-557.

Neumann, D., Photoperiodic influences of the moon on behavioural and developmental performances of organisms. International Journal of Biometeorology, 1985. 29(Suppl 2): p. 165-177.

Paggi, A.C., Two New Species of the Genus Clunio (Diptera, Chironomidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 1985. 87(2): p. 460-466.


Neumann, D. and F. Heimbach, Time Cues for Semilunar Reproduction Rhythms in European Populations of Clunio marinus 2. The Influence of Tidal Temperature Cycles. Biological Bulletin, 1984. 166(3): p. 509-524.


Krüger, M. and D. Neumann, Die semilunar-rhythmische Programmierung der Metamorphose von Clunio (Diptera, Chironomidae) bei verschiedenen Temperaturen. Verhandlungen der Deutschen Zoologischen Gesellschaft, 1983. 76: p. 300.

Krüger, M. and D. Neumann, Die Temperaturabhängigkeit semilunarer und diurnaler Schlüpfrhythmen bei der intertidalen Mücke Clunio marinus (Diptera, Chironomidae). Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen, 1983. 36(4): p. 427-464.

Neumann, D., Die zeitliche Programmierung von Tieren auf periodische Umweltbedingungen. Rheinisch-Westfälische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Natur- Ingenieur- und Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Vortraege, 1983: p. 31-62.


Neumann, D., Tidal and Lunar Rhythms, in Handbook of Behavioural Neurobiology, J. Aschoff, Editor. 1981, Plenum Publishing Corporation: New York and London. p. 351-380.


Michailova, P., Comparative External Morphological and Karyological Characteristics of European Species of Genus Clunio HALIDAY 1855 VII. International Symposium of Chironomidae, 1980: p. 9-15.

Michailova, P., A Review of the European Species of Genus Clunio Haliday, 1855 (Diptera, Chronomidae). Zoologischer Anzeiger, 1980. 205(5-6): p. 417-432.

Neumann, D., Synchronization of Reproduction in Marine Insects by Tides, in Advances in Invertebrate Reproduction, W.H. Clark Jr. and T.S. Adams, Editors. 1980, Elsevier: North Holland. p. 21-35.


Neumann, D. and F. Heimbach, Time Cues for Semilunar Reproduction Rhythms in European Populations of Clunio marinus. I. The Influence of Tidal Cycles of Mechanical Disturbance, in Cyclic Phenomena in Marine Plants and Animals, E. Naylor and R.G. Hartnoll, Editors. 1979, Pergamon Press: Oxford and New York. p. 423-433.


Heimbach, F., Die unterschiedlichen Schlüpfzeiten zweier sympatrischer Arten der Mücke Clunio (Chironomidae) und deren ökologische Bedeutung. Verhandlungen der Gesellschaft für Ökologie, 1978(Kiel 1977): p. 99-104.

Heimbach, F., Emergence times of the intertidal midge Clunio marinus (Chironomidae) in places with abnormal tides, in Physiology and Behaviour of Marine Organisms (Proceedings of the 12th European Symposium on Marine Biology, 1977), D.S. McLusky and A.J. Berry, Editors. 1978, Pergamon Press: Oxford. p. 263-270.

Heimbach, F., Sympatric species, Clunio marinus Hal. and Cl. balticus n. sp. (Dipt., Chironomidae), isolated by differences in diel emergence time. Oecologia, 1978. 32(2): p. 195-202.

Neumann, D., Tidal and Lunar Rhythms. Arzneimittel-Forschung/Drug Research, 1978. 28(10A): p. 1842-1849.

Neumann, D., Entrainment of a Semilunar Rhythm by Simulated Tidal Cycles of Mechanical Disturbance. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 1978. 35(1): p. 73-85.


Honegger, H.W., An automatic device for the investigation of the rhythmic emergence pattern of Clunio marinus. International Journal of Chronobiology, 1977. 4: p. 217-221.


Endraß, U., Physiologische Anpassungen eines marinen Insekts. II. Die Eigenschaften von schwimmenden und absinkenden Eigelegen. Marine Biology, 1976. 36(1): p. 47-60.

Endraß, U., Physiologische Anpassungen eines marinen Insekts. I. Die zeitliche Steuerung der Entwicklung. Marine Biology, 1976. 34(4): p. 361-368.

Neumann, D., Mechanismen für die zeitliche Anpassung von Verhaltens- und Entwicklungsleistungen an den Gezeitenzyklus. Verhandlungen der deutschen zoologischen Gesellschaft, 1976. 1976: p. 9-28.

Neumann, D., Entrainment of a semilunar rhythm, in Biological rhythms in the marine environment, P.J. De Coursey, Editor. 1976, University of South Carolina Press: Columbia, South Carolina. p. 115-127.

Neumann, D., Adaptations of Chironomids to Intertidal Environments. Annual Review of Entomology, 1976. 21: p. 387-414.


Hashimoto, H., Seasonal Emergence of Clunio aquilonius Diptera Chironomidae. Kontyu, 1975. 43(1): p. 49-54.

Neumann, D., Lunar and tidal rhythms in the development and reproduction of an intertidal organism, in Physiological adaptation to the environment., F.J. Vernberg, Editor. 1975, Intext Educational Publishers: New York. p. 451-464.


Hashimoto, H., A new species of clunionine chironomid from North America. Entomologisk Tidskrift, 1974. 95(Suppl.): p. 108-114.


Dordel, H.J., Functional Anatomical Investigations of Abdominal Torsion in Male Imago of Clunio-Marinus Haliday (Diptera, Chironomidae). Zeitschrift Fur Morphologie Der Tiere, 1973. 75(3): p. 165-221.

Hashimoto, H., A new species of the Marine Chironomid Paraclunio (Diptera) from Southern California. Annot. zool. Jap., Tokyo, 1973. 46(4): p. 266-273.

Hashimoto, H., Marine chironomids from Australia, with description of a new species of the genus Clunio (Diptera: Chironomidae). Bulletin of the Education Faculty, Shizuoka University. Natural science series, 1973. 24: p. 1–17.

Michailova, P., Triploidy in Clunio Marinus Haliday from Bulgarian Black Sea Coast. Dokladi Na Bolgarskata Akademiya Na Naukite, 1973. 26(11): p. 1541-1543.

Neumann, D., Semilunarperiodische Fortpflanzung von Clunio marinus - Biologische Zeitmessung in der Gezeitenzone. 1973, Institut für wissenschaftlichen Film.

Pflüger, W., Hour-Glass Control of Tidal Rhythm of Clunio marinus (Chironomidae) in Adaptation to Arctic Conditions. Oecologia, 1973. 11(2): p. 113-150.


Dordel, J., Functional Morphological Causes for the Hypopygium Inversum in Clunio-Marinus. Chironomus, 1972. 1(10-11): p. 85.

Neumann, D. and H.J. Dordel, Clunio marinus (Chironomidae). Schlüpfen und Kopulation. Encyclopedia Cinematographica, 1972: p. 3-11.


Dordel, H.J., The Process of Copulation in the Marine Chironomid Clunio marinus (Diptera). Canadian Entomologist, 1971. 103(3): p. 404-406.

Neumann, D., The temporal programming of development in the intertidal Chironomid Clunio marinus (Diptera: Chironomidae). Canadian Entomologist, 1971. 103(3): p. 315-318.

Neumann, D., Eine nicht-reziproke Kreuzungsterilität zwischen ökologischen Rassen der Mücke Clunio marinus. Oecologia, 1971. 8(1): p. 1-20.

Pflüger, W. and D. Neumann, Die Steuerung einer gezeitenparallelen Schlüpfrhythmik nach dem Sanduhr-Prinzip. Oecologia, 1971. 7(3): p. 262-266.


Dordel, J. and D. Neumann, Emergence and Copulation in the Sexually Dimorphic Clunio. Chironomus, 1970. 1(9): p. 68.


Hashimoto, H., Affinity and Differentiation of Species in Marine Chironomids, Clunio aquilonius and C. tsushimensis (Diptera). Japanese Journal of Zoology, 1969. 16(1): p. 19-45.

Neumann, D. and H.W. Honegger, Adaptations of the Intertidal Midge Clunio to Arctic Conditions. Oecologia, 1969. 3(1): p. 1-13.

Neumann, D., Die Kombination verschiedener endogener Rhythmen bei der zeitlichen Programmierung von Entwicklung und Verhalten. Oecologia, 1969. 3(2): p. 166-183.


Hashimoto, H., Seasonal variation in the marine chironomid, Clunio tsushimensis Tokunaga (Diptera) Annales Zoologici Fennici, 1968. 5: p. 41-48.

Koskinen, R., Seasonal emergence of Clunio marinus Haliday (Dipt., Chironomidae) in Western Norway. Annales Zoologici Fennici, 1968. 5: p. 71-75.

Neumann, D., Entrainment of a Semilunar Rhythm by Tidal Cycles. Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Physiologie, 1968. 60(1): p. 63-78.

Olander, R. and E. Palmén, Taxonomy, ecology and behaviour of the Northern Baltic Clunio marinus Halid. . Annales Zoologici Fennici, 1968. 5: p. 97-110.


Neumann, D., Genetic adaptation in emergence time of Clunio populations to different tidal conditions. Helgoländer wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen, 1967. 15(1-4): p. 163-171.


Neumann, D., Die lunare und tägliche Schlüpfperiodik der Mücke Clunio - Steuerung und Abstimmung auf die Gezeitenperiodik. Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Physiologie, 1966. 53(1): p. 1-61.


Hashimoto, H., Discovery of Clunio takahashii Tokunaga from Japan. Japanese Journal of Zoology, 1965. 14(3): p. 13-19.

Neumann, D. Die intraspezifische Variabilität der lunaren und täglichen Schlüpfzeiten von Clunio marinus (Diptera: Chironomidae). in Verhandlungen der Deutschen Zoologischen Gesellschaft in Jena. 1965.

Neumann, D., Photoperiodische Steuerung der 15-tägigen lunaren Metamorphose-Periodik von Clunio-Populationen (Diptera - Chironomidae). Zeitschrift für Naturforschung Part B-Chemie Biochemie Biophysik Biologie Und Verwandten Gebiete, 1965. B 20(8): p. 818-&.


Hashimoto, H., A new species of Clunionine Chironomid from Japan. Science reports of the Tokyo Kyoiku Daigaku  (B), 1962. 10(nos. 158-159): p. 285-296.

Schuster, R., Das marine Litoral als Lebensraum terrestrischer Kleinarthropoden. Internationale Revue der gesamten Hydrobiologie und Hydrogeographie, 1962. 47(3): p. 359-412.


Strenzke, K., Metamorphose und Verwandtschaftsbeziehungen der Gattung Clunio Hal. (Dipt.) (Terrestrische Chironomiden XXIV). Annales Zoologici Societatis Zoologicae Botanicae Fennicae "Vanamo", 1960. 22((4)): p. 1-30.


Oka, H. and H. Hashimoto, Lunare Periodizität in der Fortpflanzung einer pazifischen Art von Clunio (Diptera, Chironomidae). Biologisches Zentralblatt, 1959. 78(4): p. 545-559.

Palmén, E. and B. Lindeberg, The marine midge, Clunio marinus Hal. (Dipt., Chironomidae), found in brackish water in the northern Baltic. Internationale Revue der gesamten Hydrobiologie und Hydrogeographie, 1959. 44: p. 383-393.

Hashimoto, H., Peculiar mode of emergence in the marine Chironomid Clunio (Diptera, Chironomidae). Science reports of the Tokyo Kyoiku Daigaku  (B), 1957. 8: p. 217-226.

Caspers, H., Rhythmische Erscheinungen in der Fortpflanzung von Clunio marinus (Dipt. Chiron.) und das Problem der lunaren Periodizitaet bei Organismen. Archiv für Hydrobiologie, Supplement, 1951. 18: p. 415-594.

Lindner, E., Die Fliegen der Paläarktischen Region - 13h Tendipedidae-Clunioninae. 1950. 163.

Oliveira, S.J.d., Sobre uma nova especie neotropica do genero Clunio Haliday, 1855 (Diptera, Chironomidae). Review of Brasilian Biology, 1950. 10: p. 493-500.

1940 to 1949

Wirth, W.W., A Revision of the Clunionine midges with descriptions of a new genus and four new species (Diptera: Tendipedidae). University of California Publications in Entomology, 1949. 8(4): p. 151-182.

Stone, A. and W.W. Wirth, On the marine midges of the genus Clunio HALIDAY. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 1947. 49(8): p. 201-224.

1930 to 1939

Tokunaga, M., The fauna of Akkeshi Bay. VI. A new species of Clunio (Diptera). Annotations Zoologicae Japonensis, 1938. 17: p. 125-129.

Hesse, A.J., A new species of clunionine-chironomid from the coast of southern Africa (Diptera). Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London, Series B, 1937. 6(8): p. 165-168.

Tokunaga, M., Chironomidae from Japan (Diptera). V. Supplementary report on the Clunioninae. Mushi, Fukuoka, 1935. 8: p. 1-20.

Birula, A., Über das Vorkommen der Chironomiden-Gattung Clunio im Kara-Busen (Südküste des Kara-Meeres). Internationale Revue der gesamten Hydrobiologie und Hydrogeographie, 1934. 31: p. 436-439.

Tokunaga, M., Chironomidae from Japan I. Clunioninae. The Phillipine Journal of Science, 1933. 51: p. 87-98.

Zavrel, J., Clunio marinus Hal. (Synon. C. adriaticus Schin.). Casopis Csl. Spol. ENtom., 1932: p. 99-105.

Oka, H., Morphologie und Ökologie von Clunio pacificus Edwards (Diptera, Chironomidae). Zoologisches Jahrbuch. Abteilung für Systematik, Ökologie und Geographie der Tiere., 1930. 59(2/3): p. 253-280.

1920 to 1929

Edwards, F.W., British non-biting midges (Diptera, Chironomidae). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London, 1929. 77(2): p. 279-430.

Edwards, F.W., On marine Chironomidae (Diptera); with descriptions of a new genus and four new species from Samoa. Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1926. 1926: p. pp. 779-806.

1910 to 1919

Bezzi, M., Clunio adriaticus Schiner var. balearicus nov. (Diptères). Archives de zoologie expérimentale et générale, 1913. 51: p. 501-519.

1900 to 1909

Imms, A.D., Clunio bicolor Kieff.; a marine Chironomid new to the fauna of Great Britain. Proceedings and Transactions of the Liverpool Biological Society, 1903. xvii: p. 81-86.

Imms, A.D., Notes on the genus Clunio, Hal. Entomologist, 1902. 35(469): p. 157-158.

before 1900

Giard, A., Sur lappareil tracheen de Clunio marinus Haliday. C. R. Ass. franc., 1898. xxvi(1): p. p. 299.

Chevrel, R., Sur un Diptere marin du genre Clunio, Haliday. Archives de zoologie expérimentale et générale, 1894: p. 583-598.

Carpenter, G.H., Clunio marinus, Haliday: a marine Chironomid. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 1894: p. 129-130.

Schiner, J.R., Anmerkungen zu dem im Bande V, pag. 13 dieser verhandlungen abgedruckten Aufsatze Frauenfeld's: Beitrag zur Insecten-Geschichte. Verh. zool. bot. ver., 1856. 6.

Haliday, A.H., Descriptions of insects figured, and references to plates illustrating the notes on Kerry insects. Natural History Review, 1855. 2. [Description of the genus Clunio]